Surely the Pelasgians, who were Greeks, brought the wine culture in Calabria. By the Oenotrians, Pelasgians’ descendants, mid-southern Italy was called “Oenotria” or “Wine Land”.
The arrival of Achaeans and Chalcis transformed the coastlines of Calabria into immense vineyards, producing wine to be exported.
The Sybaris wine arrived at the Persian Empire, after having passed through the city of Mileto, Asia Minor. To transport the wine of the Magna Graecia cities, people used some amphoras, which were called by the archaeologists “M.G.S.”. Their fragments are numerous in the Mediterranean Sea. Scholars think that the most typically produced wine was Passito, obtained by the grapes of black berries. Later arrived at the destroyed Sybaris some settlers from Thessaly, who introduced in Calabria white grapes vines, the so-called “aminee lanate”, having as typical feature very pubescent leaves. People think that from these vines was born the “Coda di Volpe” in Campania and Calabria as well as the “Viti Guardavalle”.
The whole area of Locride was studded by millstones dug into rocks. This is a sign that the production of wine was typical also many years ago, specially used as dessert. In many provinces of Reggio Calabria, after a superficial research, about 200 local vine varieties have been found. Later, the results of a more scrutinized one showed the presence of more than 500 types.